Endeavors are on working against the under-representation of women in science and gender inequalities within organisations and in performing research.
One of the 10 key areas of the UNESCO Recommendation on Science and Scientific Researchers (2017) is inclusive and non-discriminatory work conditions and access to education and employment in science. All citizens should enjoy equal opportunities for the initial education and training needed for, and equal access to employment in scientific research. Scientific researchers enjoy equitable conditions of work. The participation of women and other underrepresented groups should be actively encouraged in order to remediate inequalities that are existent in today’s World.
Recommendations for Member States
In the following of this article, we are representing some of the recommendations that are given by the UNESCO Researches which are directly correlating to the under-representation of women in science that are performing researches;
- To assist the emergence of scientific researchers of this high caliber, Member States should take measures to:
(a) Ensure that, without discrimination on the basis of race, color, descent, sex, gender, sexual orientation, age, native language, religion, political or other opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, social origin, economic or social condition of birth, or disability, all citizens enjoy equal opportunities for the initial education and training needed to qualify for research and development careers, as well as ensuring that all citizens who succeed in so qualifying enjoy equal access to available employment in scientific research;
(b) Abolish inequalities of opportunities;
(c) In order to remediate past inequalities and patterns of exclusion, actively encourage women and persons of other under-represented groups to consider careers in sciences, and endeavor to eliminate biases against women and persons of other under-represented groups in work environments and appraisal;
- Member States, according to UNESCO should:
(a) Ensure that scientific researchers enjoy equitable conditions of work, recruitment and promotion, appraisal, training and pay without discrimination on the basis of race, color, descent, sex, gender, sexual orientation, age, native language, religion, political or other opinion, national origin, ethnic origin, social origin, economic or social condition of birth, or disability;
(b) Support individuals from underrepresented groups entering and developing careers in research and development
- Member States should ensure that provision is made for scientific researchers to enjoy (in common with all other workers) adequate and equitable social security arrangements appropriate to their age, sex, family situation, state of health and to the nature of the work they perform.
- Member States should, as regards scientific researchers in their employ, design and establish appropriate (using international comparisons so as to adopt good practices) appraisal systems for independent, transparent, gender-sensitive and tier-based performance evaluation that transparently account for family-care related interruptions of employment and encourage equitable treatment by means of incentives, so that the careers and research of those who take family related leave, including parental leave, are not negatively impacted as a result
To read more recommendations, follow this link to the UNESCO website.